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Spanish Colonial Revival


Background on Spanish Mission and Spanish Colonial Revival Styles
The revival of interest in the architecture style of early Spanish Missions began in southern California in the late 19th century, but swept to other parts of the United States by the early 20th century.  With red tile roof and stucco walls, the hallmark of the Spanish Mission Revival style is the use of serpentine parapet walls and dormers as well as mock bell towers that evoked the original California missions of the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Spanish Mission Revival was later followed in the 1920s by a revived interest in Spanish Colonial architecture in general.  The Spanish Colonial Revival also employs a tile roof, stucco exterior and rounded arch windows, but eliminated such details as the curved parapet roof and towers found in the Spanish Mission style.  The Spanish Colonial Revival often used steel casement windows that were popular in the 1920s and '30s.

Nearby Spanish Colonial Revival Landmarks

Vanderbilt Mansion, Centerport, Long Island, NY

The Vanderbilt Mansion, called "Eagle's Nest" by its original owner William K. Vanderbilt, was designed in the Spanish Colonial Revival style by the New York architectural firm Warren & Wetmore.  It was built in three stages between 1910 and 1936.

Caramoor, Katonah, New York

Caramoor is best known as the site of a summer concert series.  Often overlooked is the house, 20 rooms of which are maintained as a museum open to the public.  The house was designed in the Spanish Colonial Revival Style by Christian Rosberg and built between 1929 and 1939 to showcase the owners' extensive art collection.